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Action Speaks Louder Than Words, Chocolate Milk’s big hit. 1975.

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Chocolate Milk, the other 1970s NOLA funk band.

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Louisiana license plate, 1935.

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Clifton Chenier- “My Soul”. 1955. Etta James on backing vocals!

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Louis Armstrong eating spaghetti. 1949.

Louis Armstrong eating spaghetti. 1949.

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Louisiana Voter Literacy Test, ca. 1964. From the Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement, who add:

(This test is) typical of the tests used before passage of the Voting Rights Act to deny Blacks (and other non-whites) the right to vote. While state law mandated that the test be given to everyone who could not verify that they had at least a 5th-grade education, in real life almost all Blacks were forced to do so even if they had a college degree while whites were often excused from taking it no matter how little education they had.

Determination of who “passed” and who “failed” was entirely up to the whim of the Registrar of Voters — all of whom were white. In actuality, whites almost always “passed” no matter how many questions they missed, and Blacks were almost always “failed” in the selective judgement of the Registrar. On the 1963 test, for example, the Registrar was free to choose which portion of the Constitution to dictate — simple or complex — and was then the sole judge of the applicants written response (and in some cases their oral interpretation). The “citizenship test” component then asked often obscure questions about government and law and few people — Black or white — could correctly answer them all. If you were Black and missed one question you “failed,” if you were white and couldn’t even read the questions you “passed.”

Click to enlarge and good luck.

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Lionel Ferbos, “I’m Gonna Sit Right Down & Write Myself a Letter”. 2012 at the Palm Court Cafe. From Wiki:

At 101, trumpeter Lionel Ferbos is the oldest jazz musician in New Orleans. A native New Orleanian whose career has remained almost exclusively in the city, he appears weekly at the Palm Court Jazz Cafe, a French Quarter club, where he leads the Palm Court Jazz Band on Saturday nights.

Ferbos turns 102 in July.

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Poster for a Kid Ory concert, 1959.

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Here’s Kid Ory’s version of Eh, La Bas. 1946.

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Corey Harris - “Eh La Bas”. 1999. I first heard his rendition of this traditional tune on the excellent  Greens from the Garden.